By WeNews Staff
Saturday, February 9, 2008
AIDS researchers have reported a breakthrough in developing microbicide gels to combat HIV, the Cleveland Plain Dealer reported Feb. 5. Microbicide gels have been eagerly anticipated by anti-AIDS activists because they can be applied without a male sex partner's consent and may be more acceptable to some partners than using condoms for protection.
Researchers at a Boston conference announced they had found a low-cost way of reproducing a specific anti-HIV molecule that scientists previously thought would be too cost-prohibitive, making distribution of microbicides more difficult to women in the developing world, which has the highest HIV infection rates.
They also found that a drug already being used to prevent HIV transmission during childbirth with a single dose can also cut transmission when continued during breastfeeding. A regimen of the drug nevirapine reduced the rate of HIV transmission from mother to child by half in six-week-old infants and by a third among infants after six months, Science Daily reported Feb. 5
The World Health Organization estimated that 150,000 infants become HIV-positive through breastfeeding each year.
"African Women Test Anti-HIV Gel":
Boston Globe, Ellen Goodman's recent columns:
"Judges' Private Custody Meetings Raise Questions":
President Bush submitted a budget proposal Monday that advocates say would shortchange women.
"The economy is sputtering, wages are stagnant, and the number of poor and uninsured Americans is rising," said Nancy Duff Campbell, co-president of the National Women's Law Center, an advocacy group in Washington, D.C. "Yet President Bush has proposed more of the same failed policies: more tax cuts for the wealthy and more cuts to services important to American families."
The $3.9 trillion resolution would make the 2001 and 2003 tax cuts permanent and put a virtual freeze on overall discretionary spending in fiscal 2009.
Key programs that aid low-income people--the majority of whom are women--would see considerable cuts.
The administration's proposal would cut funding for Justice Department programs designed to combat domestic violence by $100 million; cut money for Medicaid and Medicare by $195 billion over five years; and freeze spending on the Child Care and Development Block Grant, which helps low-income people afford child care, according to the National Women's Law Center.
The administration also hopes to maintain level funding for programs that offer low-income people family-planning services and increase by $28 million funding for abstinence-only education programs, which were proven ineffective in a study last year by the Department of Health and Human Services.
The budget resolution faces stiff resistance in a Congress controlled by Democrats.
Mazoltuv Borukhova, an internist whose husband was killed on a Queens, N.Y., playground in October, was arrested Feb. 7 on murder and conspiracy charges. Police believe Borukhova contracted a distant relative, Mikhail Mallayev, to shoot and kill Malakov. The couple was engaged in a bitter custody dispute. Borukhova has denied involvement in the killing. Daniel Malakov was killed a week after receiving custody of the couple's daughter Michelle in a judicial hearing that excluded Borukhova. The child is now in foster care.
Alison Bowen, Shanelle Matthews, Dominique Soguel, Allison Stevens and Jennifer Thurston contributed to this report.
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