Prostitution and Trafficking

Big Question: Was DSK's Accuser Trafficked?

Thursday, July 14, 2011

The media portrayal of the hotel housekeeper who is bringing sex-assault charges against DSK, former head of the IMF, has swung from angel to "maid-hooker." Another possibility exists: she is a victim of trafficking.

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Another Possible Narrative

There is another, also compelling, possible narrative: African woman trafficked to the United States, coerced to participate in the ongoing activities of those who brought her here and to turn over the proceeds to others.

We don't usually think of trafficked people as those with asylum status. We think of them crossing borders in the back of trucks like so much stolen merchandise.

How the Sofitel housekeeper made it to the United States is unclear. The Manhattan prosecutor's office says she entered using a "fraudulent visa." In other words, she might have been trafficked into the U.S. and then coached through an asylum petition that misled authorities.

I do think it's likely that expert traffickers may game the system. Even if this turns out not to be the case here, it's clearly a possibility.

The most recent estimates by federal agencies are that 17,000 foreign nationals are trafficked into the United States each year, 80 percent of whom are women and girls. Thus, it does seem worth asking more about the details of the housekeeper's New York arrival and asylum petition.

If she has not been trafficked, her exaggeration of her circumstances of her need for asylum can only fuel the anti-immigration fever spreading throughout the United States by reinforcing the biased belief that "all of them" lie on their immigration applications so that is no big deal if the housekeeper did.

Not only is it a big deal--she could be jailed for perjury and deported--this view insults all those who have meticulously gone through a process that questions their credibility at every step. A lousy outcome from her criminal complaint.

Cataclysms Increase Risks

The New York Times story this week asserted that many immigrants seeking asylum do lie. "Of course, thousands of those claims are legitimate," the story said. "But each cataclysm provides convenient cover stories for immigrants desperate to settle here for other reasons."

Each cataclysm also dramatically increases the numbers of individuals vulnerable to trafficking, but the story doesn't mention that.

So far we haven't learned the context in which the accuser's exaggerations and embellishments occurred.

According to a letter from the prosecutor to DSK's attorneys, the housekeeper said she rehearsed the lies with the help of a cassette given to her by a "male." The letter also said she entered the country "using a fraudulent visa."

The prosecutor also leaked to the press that $100,000 had been recently deposited in a bank account in the housekeeper's name. The final clue of her possible connection to criminal networks: The day after her encounter with DSK, the housekeeper called a man, described as her "fiance," in an Arizona immigration prison after serving time for possession of marijuana. Prosecutors claim the couple discussed how to take advantage of what had occurred. Tarawally flatly denies that.

Big questions: What did she and Tarawally actually say to each other? (The accuracy of the prosecutor's translation is in dispute.) Who provided her with the cassette to prepare for her immigration interview? Who saw to it that she was able to afford to come to the United States and provide a phony visa? Did she personally benefit from the money deposited in her name? (No one has yet reported a lavish lifestyle beyond the means of a housekeeper's earnings.) Is the man in jail her fiance, truly, or someone who is part of a network of exploiters? And when will the defense be permitted to hear the tape recorded telephone conversation between the housekeeper and Tarawally?

Maybe, Maybe Not

The housekeeper may in fact just be another unfortunate immigrant who misled U.S. authorities in order to find safety but who got caught. Or maybe not.

A quick look at the U.S. State Department's report on human trafficking, released at the end of June, has this to say about the housekeeper's homeland.

"Guinea is source, transit and to a lesser extent a destination country for men, women and children subject to forced labor and sex trafficking." The report gave the country a ranking of 2, meaning it has taken some steps to reduce trafficking within its borders, but not enough to earn a ranking of 1.

If what prosecutors say is true about the "fiance," Tarawally clearly could be part of a criminal network that speaks the same language as the housekeeper. It would not be unusual for such a man to compel a refugee woman to engage in unsavory acts and turn the revenue over to him.

The housekeeper's attorney, Kenneth P. Thompson, has said she will soon make her case to the public. While the world waits to hear her side of the story, it is worth considering that the world's most famous housekeeper could become the world's most famous trafficking victim.


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Rita Henley Jensen is editor in chief and founder of Women's eNews.

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Let us hope that this side of the story and of the possibilities are investigated thoroughly, so the real criminals are all charged, and this woman receives the help she needs to be free from her traffickers, if this is the case.
This still does not rule out rape in this case.
I personally also hope that DSK is charged successfully in France by those who have claimed rape by him in the past.

It was great to find this question asked, and to see data that supports the viability of the question. Thanks for some good reporting that made the piece possible. I have had an eerie feeling since the DSK story first broke that there was a much bigger story behind it, but that wasn't obvious. Your piece this morning helped focus on the possibilities. We all know sex trafficking happens but who thinks that those victimized are living and working among us?
Carolyn Byerly