Arab Women in Revolution: Reports from the Ground

Part: 13

Bahrain's Young Women Keep the Revolution Aloud

Thursday, July 28, 2011

Bahrain's revolution is muffled by a combination of Saudi influence and U.S. reticence. Several young women--from both inside and outside the troubled kingdom--are overcoming the forces of silence.

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Sister Leads Protests

Her sister Zainab, better know by her AngryArabiya Twitter handle, remains in Bahrain, leading protests, such as the hunger strike against the arrests of her father, husband and brother-in-law, arrested as part of a roundup of human rights activists.

Al-Khawaja says that wherever she goes she is followed by pro-government minions who report back on her activities and do what they can to prevent her from making public appearances.

"They send like 600 e-mails to places I'm speaking telling them not to let me speak," she said. But she brushes off her pro-government shadows. "I don't really care; they're not important enough to pay attention to. I have more important things to do."

In May she gave a speech at Columbia University and congressional testimony about the serious human rights abuses occurring in Bahrain. She has countered Bahrain's characterization of the protests as a primarily sectarian struggle against the Sunni-led government.

"According to the government of Bahrain, the protests were mainly Shia, but also there has been a targeting of Sunni people in these arrests and crackdowns," she testified, adding that 1,176 had been arrested, with about 25 percent of them under age18.

"We have also heard several accounts in which female students 11 to 16 years old were arrested from schools," she told members of the Tom Lantos Human Rights Committee.

Regime supporters have mounted their own online efforts to discredit dissent.

One sign of that are accusations of lying and traitorism sent via Twitter accounts. The government has also launched Facebook and Twitter pages to push people to make loyalty pledges online.

Several times a week al-Khawaja sends an e-mail update on the situation on the ground, gathering information from an extensive network of trusted sources in Bahrain. She systematically documents arrests and allegations of torture and death by providing links to videos on YouTube or other documentation.

Among the most egregious arrests are those of doctors who provided emergency care to protesters in the Pearl Roundabout. The crackdown on physicians, which began in April, has prompted activists and doctors to provide consultations via Skype, the Luxembourg-based company that provides low-cost telephone and video conferencing over the Internet.

"Because of the many protesters who are refusing to go to the hospital despite their injuries because of the fear of arrest, they're trying to treat themselves at home," said al-Khawaja. "They can directly call them [doctors] via Skype for medical advice."

But of course fractures and broken bones are still difficult to treat at home, she says.

Family Members Arrested

Nahda Dhaif, a dental surgeon with two young children, was among the doctors arrested, and was reportedly tortured during nearly two months in prison. Her sister Lamees, a prominent and outspoken media personality and blogger, had grown increasingly critical of the Bahraini authorities and was warned to stop writing.

"I can stand for myself to be targeted, but not my sister," Lamees Dhaif told Women's eNews while in Washington, D.C., as part of a State Department international visitor program. She said that even though she stopped writing her sister was tortured, so she decided she could no longer remain silent.

Lamees Dhaif has lost her livelihood. Her home was attacked with a Molotov cocktail and she was targeted in a government smear campaign that included a Facebook videogame with her as one of the targets. She decided the only way to try to protect herself and her family was to resume speaking out.

"Even the dead will tell their stories," she vowed.

Eventually, she fled Bahrain for Dubai, where she has been unable to find a journalism job because of what she believes is pressure from Bahrain on Arab news outlets.

Her blog is now her main form of communication. She often posts lyrical moral stories about peaceful protesters and argues for more political awareness to combat corruption. Her reflections on the political upheaval include pleas for sanity and prayers for peace.

"God save Bahrain and its people from hatred," she wrote in one recent post deploring the violence meted out to innocent protesters.

The regime also has sought to silence its critics by threatening, firing and arresting journalists and bloggers. A censorial pall has driven many from the country.

One of them is Amira al-Husseini, a prolific blogger and Middle East editor of Global Voices Online, a blog aggregator that has played a significant role in curating the "Arab Spring" revolutions. Al-Husseini was among the first generation of Arab bloggers and is a copious tweeter. Her blog, Silly Bahraini Girl, was blocked in Bahrain earlier this year.

"What laws and regulations have I violated for my blog to be blocked? And how exactly can you block me? How do you intend to silence me?" she wrote in an angry post in early January. "You can stop my readers from accessing my posts in Bahrain, but how would you shield the rest of the world from seeing the truth as it is, without censorship and repression?"


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Courtney C. Radsch is a Middle East media expert and is currently the freedom of expression officer at Freedom House. She's the author of hundreds of articles and book chapters and is turning her dissertation, "The Revolution will be Blogged: Cyberactivism in Egypt," into a book. Follow her "at" courtneyr and on her blog

For more information:

Lamees Dhaif's blog:

Amira al-Husseini's blog, Silly Bahraini Girl:

Maryam al-Khawaja's testimony before the Tom Lantos Human Rights Committee:

YouTube video of Ayat Al-Qormezi--A Poem Worth a Year of Brutal Torture and Imprisonment:

Arab Media blog:

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Thanks to womensenews and Courtney Radsch for reporting this story; it includes specifics and perspectives not as thoroughly covered in mainstream media. These women in Bahrain are fighting such an uphill battle of wills, there is a long way to go in Bahrain, and the outcomes are not certain yet.


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